Wet Spray Application

Quick Resources

The application of the CAFCO® 300 / ISOLATEK® Type 300 Series, CAFCO 400 / ISOLATEK Type 300 Series and CAFCO® FENDOLITE® M-II / ISOLATEK Type M-II consists of mixing the product with potable water in a paddle or ribbon type mixer. The mixed product is then placed into a pump hopper where it is conveyed through a hose to a spray nozzle. As the mixed product exits the spray nozzle, it is broken up into a fan pattern by compressed air and directed at the surface to be covered in an even, uninterrupted pattern. These products have also been known in the industry as “cementitious” materials, due to their application techniques being similar to that of cement and other plastering trade products.

Products

In order to obtain optimal results, the following spray equipment setup for “Wet Spray” CAFCO® / ISOLATEK® Spray-Applied Fire Resistive Materials (SFRMs) is required:
  • The spray equipment may consist of Mechanical Piston, Hydraulic Piston or Rotor Stator type, open throat, screw feed pumps with minimum “No. 4” soft rubber stators. The actual equipment type is dependent upon the actual product being installed.
  • Compressed air is required and must be delivered to the spray nozzle. At times, an auxiliary compressor may be needed.
  • Paddle or ribbon-type mortar mixer with safety cover and provision for quick dumping of mix directly into the pump hopper. Mixers capable of operating speeds of 35 to 40 RPM.
  • High pressure plaster type hose. Hose diameters and lengths vary, depending on the product being sprayed and pump being used.
  • Screw-on type quick connect/disconnect couplings that do not restrict product flow are required.
  • The spray nozzle assembly with a blow-off type nozzle cap, a nozzle orifice and valves for product and air control. Nozzle orifice must be nominal 1/2 in. (13mm) to 5/8 in. (16mm) diameter, depending on product being applied.

Refer to our Short Form Application Manuals in the Product literature section of the website for further information.

The information contained herein is not intended to replace a thorough understanding of Isolatek application guidelines. For further information on all application methods contact Isolatek International or one of our business partners.

Sprayer Equipment

Rotor stator type with open throat and screw feed and piston type pumps.

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Nozzles/ Guns

Minimum 1” ID aluminum pole to provide minimum volume of 15 cfm (420 L / min).

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Test Kits

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Hoses/ Couplings/ Reducers

High pressure grout hose for plaster, grout and cement applications. Screw-on type quick connect/disconnect couplings which do not restrict product flow reducers.

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Metal Lath

3.4 lbs. / sq. yard Diamond Metal Lath.

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Accelerator Injector Pump

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Acceptable substrates for sprayed fire resistive materials are structural steel, steel deck and concrete. Careful preparation of these substrates is important. This preparation ensures that the durability of the fire protection system is maintained and the required level of adhesion is achieved.

All substrates to be protected with the fire protection system must be prepared such that they are free from dirt, dust, oil, incompatible primers or other contamination that would impair the adhesion. The recommended substrate for optimal adhesion is clean bare steel and galvanized decking. However, at times primed steel is necessary, especially in areas where long term corrosion protection is necessary. The following items briefly outline additional recommended steel substrate preparation for steelwork, decking and concrete.

Steelwork

For interior application, CAFCO® / ISOLATEK® fire protection materials can be installed directly to clean bare steel substrates without the use of additional reinforcement.

For certain applications, specifically on coated steel substrates, mechanical reinforcement is necessary. This is done by means of galvanized metal lath or galvanized or plastic coated galvanized woven wire or hexagonal mesh.

Galvanized metal lath is secured to the substrate in either a strip, contour or boxed configuration in accordance with Isolatek’s application Instructions and design guidelines. For applications where galvanized or plastic coated mesh is used, the mesh is secured to the steel by use of stud welded, helical or powder actuated fasteners. The reinforcing mesh is held to the substrate at the fixing points, and then pulled away from the substrate to the middle third of the total thickness of the product as it is being applied.

For painted / primed steel applications, a specific level of adhesion must be maintained to the steel substrate in accordance with manufacturer, industry or laboratory guidelines. Many times in order to achieve this adhesion to the substrate, a primer / sealer / key coat, adhesive and/or mechanical reinforcement are necessary.

Specific guides are necessary, when applying fireproofing materials in accordance with the guidelines set-forth by Underwriters Laboratories (UL). An explanation of these guidelines can be found within Isolutions Number 5.

Decking

Proper adhesion of product depends upon rigid substrates and the absence of damaging forces such as impact or excessive forces.

It is important to make certain that roof traffic, incomplete roof work, deck spans with deflections greater than L/240 when subjected to a 250 lb. (113 kg) vertical center load do not exist before applying product.

CAFCO / ISOLATEK fireproofing products require the use of CAFCO BOND-SEAL / ISOLATEK Type EBS adhesive installed to the underside of all roof deck (without concrete) and painted/primed floor deck, directly prior to the application of the fireproofing material to the underside of the decking.

For painted / primed decking, a specific level of adhesion must be maintained to the steel substrate in accordance with manufacturer, industry or laboratory guidelines. In addition, testing laboratory specific guidelines must be met. For certain applications, complete coverage of metal lath reinforcement may be necessary.

Specific procedure must be followed when applying fireproofing materials in accordance with the guidelines set-forth by Underwriters Laboratories (UL). An explanation of these guidelines can be found within Isolutions Number 6.

Concrete

Residual form oils, and parting compounds or paint/primers must be removed with a suitable commercial cleaning compound. Contact the substrate manufacturer or supplier for cleaning recommendations. Depending upon the fireproofing material being used, either CAFCO BOND-SEAL adhesive, CAFCO PRE-COAT / ISOLATEK Type PC or metal lath is required prior to the application of product.

The information contained herein is not intended to replace a thorough understanding of Isolatek application guidelines. For further information on all application methods contact Isolatek International or one of our business partners.

Maintenance of Spray-Applied Fire Resistive Materials

Routine maintenance performed through testing and inspection of Spray-Applied Fireproofing, also known as Spray-Applied Fire Resistive Materials (SFRMs), ensures that the product will be in-place for the design life of the structure and perform in actual building fire conditions.

Commercial structures undergo renovations and upgrades related to tenant change and use & occupancy change. As a result, partitions and walls may be removed, electrical wiring re-directed, mechanical equipment removed/replaced, and roof systems changed. When these conditions exist, any SFRM is susceptible to damage caused by impact and this can result in SFRM delamination. Structural steel beams, joists, columns, and decking may then be vulnerable to the damaging effects of fire.

The procedures outlined below are intended as a guide for inspection testing of SFRMs while conducting your periodic maintenance program.

  1. Identify all areas throughout the structure that have undergone a renovation or upgrade since the previous inspection. In addition, identify all
    areas that are susceptible to periodic or regular maintenance traffic and periodic or regular public traffic.
  2. Visually inspect the aforementioned areas and note all SFRM deficiencies such as material that has been removed or damaged.
  3. Inspect surrounding SFRM near the damaged areas to ensure the required thicknesses and cohesion/adhesion characteristics are maintained.
  4. Identify the type of SFRM utilized to protect the structural steel framework; i.e. beams, joists, columns, and decking. The type of SFRM can usually be determined by reviewing construction documents or by contacting SFRM Manufacturers.
  5. Obtain instructions from the applicable SFRM Manufacturer detailing the repair procedures for the exact SFRM type that has been damaged.
  6. Secure a sufficient quantity of SFRM from the applicable Manufacturer or contact the Manufacturer for names of qualified installers of the SFRM type. Repair of the existing SFRM shall be performed in accordance with the Manufacturer’s published installation instructions.

Download Maintenance of Spray Applied Fire Resistive Materials (SFRM) PDF

INSPECTION
  • ASTM E605 – “Standard Test Methods for Thickness and Density of Sprayed Fire Resistive Material (SFRM) Applied to Structural Members”
  • ASTM E736 – “Standard Test Method for Cohesion/Adhesion of Sprayed Fire Resistive Material Applied to Structural Members”
  • AWCI – “Technical Manual 12-A Third Edition – Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Field Applied Sprayed Fire-Resistive Materials; an Annotated Guide”

Isolatek International believes that Building Owners/Managers should develop and implement a comprehensive plan detailing a Periodic Inspection and Maintenance Program for SFRMs. Should you have further questions pertaining to this matter, please contact the Isolatek International Technical Service Department at 800.631.9600, extension 269.



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ISOLATEK INTERNATIONAL provides passive fireproofing materials under the CAFCO® and FENDOLITE® trademarks throughout the Americas and under the ISOLATEK® trademark throughout the world.

Isolatek International
41 Furnace Street
Stanhope, NJ 07874
800-631-9600 | 973-347-1200

© 2019 Isolatek International, All Rights Reserved.

Sprayer Equipment Manufacturers

Thomsen / Putzmeister – United States
18620 So. Broadway
Gardena, CA 90248
Tel: 213-321-8380
Putzmeister.com
Putzmeisteramerica.com
S5-EV (electric), S5-GH (gas)
Big Blue

 Hyflex Corp.
8774 South State Road 109
Knightstown, IN 46148
Tel: 1-765-571-5125 or 1-866-849-6246
Hyflexcorp.com
321 E Piston Pump
HZ 30 #6 Rotor Stator
HZ 30G #6 Rotor Stator

Western Equipment
1160 Olympic Drive
Corona, CA 92881
Tel: 1-951-284-2000
Western-emi.com
Predator Piston Pump

 Graco, Inc
88-11th Ave NE
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Tel: 612-623-6000
Fax: 612-623-6777
Graco.com
ToughTek F800E
ToughTek F340E

 

Spray-Equipment Distributors

Nathan Kimmel Company, LLC
12313 South Santa Fe Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90021
Tel: 1-800-421-0005 or 1-213-627-8556
Nathankimmel.com

The Donnelly Company
753 Rowley Road
Victor, NY 14564
Tel: 1-800-624-3530 or 1-716-924-0640

Hardline Services, Inc
P.O. Box 2884
Fullerton, CA 92837
Tel: 1-657-217-0703 or 1-657-217-5250

PDQuipment
753 Gasoline Alley
Bensenville, IL 60106 or
18493 S. Ferguson Road
Oregon City, OR 97045
Tel: 1-888-383-7274
PDQuipment.com

Nozzles/Guns Suppliers

The Donnelly Company
1753 Rowley Road
Victor, New York 14564, USA
Tel: 800-624-3530 or 716-924-0640

Walker Equipment
13009 South Jackson Avenue
S. Chicago Heights, IL 60411, USA
Tel: 708-754-7070 or 800-227-7072
walker-equipment.com

Nathan Kimmel Company, LLC
1213 South Santa Fe Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90021, USA
Tel: 800-431-0005 or 213-627-8556
nathankimmel.com

PDQuipment
753 Gasoline Alley, Bensenville, IL 60106 or
18493 S. Ferguson Road, Oregon City, OR 97045
Tel: 888-383-7274
PDQuipment.com

Test Kit Suppliers

Nathan Kimmel Company, LLC
4876 Alhambra Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90032, USA
Tel: 800-421-0005 or 213-627-8556
nathankimmel.com
High Production Yield Kit*
Density Kit*
Bond Kit*
Field Inspection Kit*
* request CAFCO specific kits

Hydra Cone, Inc.
360 E. State Pkwy
3445 Board Rd.
York, PA 17406, USA
Tel: 1-800-673-2437 or 1-717-764-5802
hydracone.com
Heavy Pin Model Depth Gauge (650-621)

Hoses/ Couplings/ Reducers Suppliers

Nathan Kimmel Company, LLC
12313 South Santa Fe Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90021
Tel: 1-800-421-0005 or 1-213-627-8556
Nathankimmel.com

The Donnelly Company
753 Rowley Road
Victor, NY 14564
Tel: 1-800-624-3530 or 1-716-924-0640

Hardline Services, Inc
P.O. Box 2884
Fullerton, CA 92837
Tel: 1-657-217-0703 or 1-657-217-5250

PDQuipment
753 Gasoline Alley
Bensenville, IL 60106 or
18493 S. Ferguson Road
Oregon City, OR 97045
Tel: 1-888-383-7274
PDQuipment.com

Hyflex Corp.
8774 South State Road 109
Knightstown, IN 46148
Tel: 1-765-571-5125 or 1-866-849-6246
Hyflexcorp.com

Metal Lath Suppliers

ISOLATEK INTERNATIONAL
41 Furnace Street
Stanhope NJ 07874, USA
Tel: 1-800-631-9600
isolatek.com
3.4 lb/yd² (1.8 kg/m²) galvanized expanded metal lath.

Accelerator Injector Pump Suppliers

Nathan Kimmel Company, LLC
12313 South Santa Fe Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90021
Tel: 1-800-421-0005 or 1-213-627-8556
Nathankimmel.com

The Donnelly Company
753 Rowley Road
Victor, NY 14564
Tel: 1-800-624-3530 or 1-716-924-0640

Hardline Services, Inc
P.O. Box 2884
Fullerton, CA 92837
Tel: 1-657-217-0703 or 1-657-217-5250

PDQuipment
753 Gasoline Alley
Bensenville, IL 60106 or
18493 S. Ferguson Road
Oregon City, OR 97045
Tel: 1-888-383-7274
PDQuipment.com

Hyflex Corp.
8774 South State Road 109
Knightstown, IN 46148
Tel: 1-765-571-5125 or 1-866-849-6246
Hyflexcorp.com